The major seven diseases are known to kill 80cassfsaaf% of the world population. These diseases will send many people to the grave earlier than expected. Here is a list of these deadly diseases according to the National Center for Health Statistics: heart disease, cancer, stroke, diabetes, osteoporosis, arthritis and Alzheimer’s

These diseases cause a lot of suffering to the affected patients. The diseases can be prevented by various methods such as natural substances and workouts. It has been proven from biochemistry that large doses of the natural substances can also reverse and heal the affected people.

Root of these diseases

The major cause of these seven diseases is the free radical damage. The free radicals are produced as the by-products when oxygen is metabolized in the living tissues. The metabolized oxygen is used in powering our bodies.

Significance of the free radical

The oxygen free radicals play a major role in our bodies. They help the body by burning refuse matter and harmful bacteria. However, when the production of these radicals is out of control, their levels accumulate in the bodies and become toxic. Accumulation of these free radicals to toxic levels triggers an oxidative process which damages the body.

The free radical is measured in units known as Oxidation hits. Our bodies have a protective defense system for protecting us from the effects of free radical. The onslaught of the free radical molecules could result in aging and chronic disease.

What weakens our body’s defense system?

Many practices and factors make our bodies weak making it unable to ward off the effect of the free radicals. Exposure to free radicals in the air also weakens our defense system.

External sources of free radicals

Other sources include exposurergrgr3ghrhytr to radiations from microwaves, electromagnetic waves, computer monitors, copy machines, television sets e.t.c Soil depleted of the micro minerals, shipping and harvesting of products before ripening, consumption of highly refined food products and use of chemical additives.

Smoking is also another source of free radicals. Environmental pollution affects the quality of food produced. When the quality of food supply is poor, the levels of free radicals increases leading to diseases and oxidative stress.

Effect of oxidation stress

When the attack takes place in the arteries, calcium and cholesterol heal the wound. This healing of the arteries causes them to harden and causes high blood pressure. Arthritis develops when the joints are attacked.

Attack of the pancreas leads to diabetes. On the neurons, the attack leads to multiple sclerosis or Parkinson’s. The damage caused by the free radical is associated with the different types of cancer.

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Carbohydrates refer to all the naturally occurring substances in animals and plants. Carbohydrates are essential molecules of all the living things being plants or animals. They are composed of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen in different proportions.

Oxygen and carbon are united in a ratio of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom, which is the ratio of the water molecule –H2O.

Therefore, all carbohydrates have the elemental composition of one carbon, one oxygen, and two hydrogen atoms. The carbon atom is hydrated by linking it to the water molecule.

Water and carbon are released when carbohydrates undergo digestion and metabolism processes. Saccharide is the scientific name for sugars. Saccharide confers more information about carbohydrates.

Classes of carbohydrates

There are three types of saccharides namely monosaccharide, polysaccharides, and disaccharides- simple kghogoytdysugars, starch, and double sugars. Examples of monosaccharide are glucose and fructose.

Disaccharides include lactose and sucrose. Disaccharides are made by combining several molecules of monosaccharide.

When you combine more than two monosaccharides polysaccharides, molecules are formed. These are chains of many sugars. Examples of polysaccharides are starch and glycogen.

Role of carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are essential elements for all living things. Glucose is the primary energy molecule for living organisms. It provides the required energy for all the biological processes. Some saccharides like double and multiple sugar molecules are not sources of instant energy.

They must be broken down first to the basic monosaccharide like glucose and fructose. However, fructose which exists as a single sugar does not provide instant energy for living things. After it is absorbed it is transported to the liver where it is converted into essential fat molecules. Part of the converted fat is used by the liver cells while the rest is converted into storage fat.

Both starch and glycogen molecules are the storage units of glucose. They are broken down when the glucose level goes down or during fasting periods.

Starch and glycogen are not absorbed when they are consumed. They are first broken down to glucose molecules in the intestines and stomach by the various digestive enzymes. The glucose produced is then ready for absorption.

Carbohydrates as food

Sugar as food refers to any food rich in fructose, glubjguigiglcose, and starch. Simple carbohydrates are jams, sugar, juices, jellies, syrups, and candies. Complex carbohydrates include bread, pasta, whole fruits, whole vegetables and whole grains.

Metabolism

Simple carbohydrates are metabolized rapidly into glucose and can cause a surge in the blood glucose. Complex carbohydrates are metabolized slowly and are less likely to cause any side in the blood glucose when eaten.

This calls for a personal effort and care in differentiating the various types of carbohydrates which are critical when it comes to the management of your diabetic condition.

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